TODAY IN HISTORY: Wednesday July 14, 2021 | Lifestyles
TODAY IN HISTORY
Today is Wednesday July 14, the 195th day of 2021. There are 170 days left in the year.
On July 14, 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous, or malicious articles about the United States government.
TO THIS DATE
In 1789, during an event symbolizing the start of the French Revolution, the citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and freed the seven prisoners inside.
In 1865, the Matterhorn, straddling Italy and Switzerland, was reached as a group of seven led by British mountaineer Edward Whymper reached the summit. (Four members of the group died on their descent; Whymper and two guides survived.)
In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., aka “Billy the Kid”, was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett at Fort Sumner in present-day New Mexico.
In 1914, scientist Robert H. Goddard received a US patent for a liquid fuel rocket device.
In 1933 all German political parties except the Nazi party were banned.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure providing funds for a national monument honoring scientist George Washington Carver; the monument was built at Carver’s birthplace near Diamond, Missouri.
In 1945, Italy officially declared war on Japan, its former Axis partner during World War II.
In 1980, the Republican National Convention opened in Detroit, where candidate-name Ronald Reagan said in a welcome rally that he and his supporters were determined to “make America even better.”
In 2004, the Senate scuttled a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. (Forty-eight senators voted to advance the measure – 12 fewer than the 60 needed – and 50 voted to block it).
In 2009, disgraced financier Bernard Madoff arrived at Butner Federal Correctional Complex in North Carolina to begin serving a 150-year sentence for his massive Ponzi scheme. (Madoff died in prison in April 2021.)
In 2014, the Church of England voted overwhelmingly in favor of allowing women to become bishops.
In 2015, world powers and Iran struck a deal to curb Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for relief from international sanctions.
Ten years ago: A federal judge in Washington, DC declared the perjury trial of baseball star Roger Clemens quashed over inadmissible evidence presented to jurors. (Clemens, who was charged with lying under oath in Congress when he denied ever using performance-enhancing drugs during his career, was acquitted in a new trial.)
Five years ago: Terror hit the July 14 celebrations in the city of Nice (nees) on the French Riviera when a large truck slammed into a festive crowd, killing 86 people in an attack claimed by Islamic State extremists; the driver was shot dead by the police.
A year ago: Researchers reported that the first COVID-19 vaccine tested in the United States boosted people’s immune systems as scientists had hoped; the vaccine was developed by the National Institutes of Health and Moderna Inc. A Confederate monument that had long been a symbol of division at the University of Mississippi was removed from a prominent location on the Oxford campus and taken in a civil war cemetery in an isolated area. In a primary, former US Attorney General Jeff Sessions lost the Republican nomination for his former Senate seat in Alabama to former college football coach Tommy Tuberville. (Tuberville would defeat Democrat Doug Jones in November.) The federal government carried out its first execution in nearly two decades, killing by lethal injection Daniel Lewis Lee, who had been convicted of murdering an Arkansas family in a 1990s plot to build a white-only nation in the Pacific Northwest.
Actress Nancy Olson is 93 years old. Former football player and actress Rosey Grier is 89 years old. Actor Vincent Pastore is 75 years old. The director of a music company Tommy Mottola is 73 years old. Rock musician Chris Cross (Ultravox) is 69 years old. Actor Jerry Houser is 69 years old. Actor-director Eric Laneuville is 69 years old. Actor Stan Shaw is 69 years old. Film producer Scott Rudin is 63 years old. Singer-guitarist Kyle Gass is 61 years old. Actor Jane Lynch is 61 years old. Actor Jackie Earle Haley is 60 years old. Actor Matthew Fox is 55 years old. Rock musician Ellen Reid (Crash Test Dummies) is 55. Singer and rock musician Tanya Donelly is 55 years old. Former child actress Missy Gold is 51 years old. Olympic gold medalist snowboarder Ross Rebagliati is 50 years old. R&B singer Tameka Cottle (Xscape) is 46 years old. Country singer Jamey Johnson is 46 years old. Hip – The “taboo” hop musician (Black Eyed Peas) is 46 years old. Actor Scott Porter is 42 years old. Actor Phoebe Waller-Bridge is 36 years old. Rock singer Dan Smith (Bastille) is 35 years old. Actor Sara Canning (TV: “The Vampire Diaries”) is 34 years old. Rock singer Dan Reynolds (Imagine Dragons) is 34 years old.